Iphigenie en Tauride Tragédie en Quatre Actes [Par Mr. Guillard, Mise en Musique et Dédiée A La Reine]... Répresentée pour le Premiere fois par l'Academie Royale de Musique le mardi 18 Mai 1779. Prix 24 livres. [Full score]. Christoph Willibald von GLUCK.

Iphigenie en Tauride Tragédie en Quatre Actes [Par Mr. Guillard, Mise en Musique et Dédiée A La Reine]... Répresentée pour le Premiere fois par l'Academie Royale de Musique le mardi 18 Mai 1779. Prix 24 livres. [Full score].

Paris: Des Lauriers [without PN], [between 1779 and 1792]. Folio. Full contemporary green vellum with mid-tan leather label with decorative border gilt lettered "Romagnat" to upper, edges colored in red. 1f. (title), 211, [i] (blank) pp. Engraved.

With blank overpaste to title with later manuscript note in pencil: "On a caché par cette [...] un nom [...] d'une personne qui a été guillotinée[:] Marie-Antoinette" (by this overpaste, a name of a guillotined person has been obscured: Marie-Antoinette).

Labels to verso of upper board: printed advertisement of "Husson Marchand Papier" to upper left corner; "Ex libris Georges van Parys" (in the shape of a G clef) to center. Bass figures entered throughout: pp. 1-31, 164-70, and 174-end in pencil, otherwise in ink.

Some moderate browning; occasional creasing and staining.

Second edition, first issue. Hopkinson 46A (a). Wotquenne 46 (pp. 215-16). Lesure p. 239. RISM G2816.

"Iphigénie en Tauride was given on May 18, 1778, with excellent singers; Rosalie Lavasseur sang Iphigénie, Larrivée Oreste, Legros Pylade, and Moreau Thoas... The opera had a great success immediately, and even Grimm wrote of it - I do not know whether this is melody, but perhaps it is something better. When I hear Iphigénie I forget I am at the opera; I seem to be listening to a Greek tragedy, with music by Lekain and Mlle Clarion. It was the crowning point of Gluck's career. Guillard had provided an excellent libretto, more classical than Goethe's poem, less Christian and more ruthless; and Gluck had seized on the contrast between Scythians and Greeks, upon the perfectly dramatic figures of Iphigenia and Orestes, and had produced a work which both re-created a part of Greek tragedy and at the same time foretold a new world." Cooper: Gluck, p. 258.

While Marie-Antoinette is not actually mentioned on the title, she was the queen to whom the work is dedicated. Hopkinson describes a later issue with a new title without the dedication (46 A [c]).

Georges van Parys (1902-1971) was a French composer of operetta and film music. Item #24757

Price: $785.00  other currencies

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