Milano: G. Ricordi & C. [PN 53869], [ca. 1895]. Large thick octavo. Quarter modern mahogany brown simulated leather with marbled boards, titling gilt to spine. 1f. (recto publisher's dedication to Giovannina Strazza of Lucca, verso blank), 1f. (recto bust-length portrait of Wagner by Bignami with facsimile autograph signature, verso blank), 1f. (recto decorative title printed in in red and black, verso publisher's device), 1f. (critical note by T.O. Cesardi), 1f. (recto cast list, verso blank), 11-29 (libretto), [i] (blank), 1f. (recto table of contents, verso blank), 591, [i] (blank) pp.
Vittorio Maria Vanzo (1862-1945), a distinguished Italian conductor, pianist, composer, and acquaintance of Wagner. With extensive performance notes, cues, marks, and cuts in various pencils and inks in Vanzo's hand throughout. Handstamps of Vanzo to margins of several pages. Various newspaper and journal clippings and illustrations regarding Wagner, his Ring of the Nibelung operas, and Norse mythology laid down to endpapers.
Binding slightly worn and warped. Some browning and soiling, especially to margins; blank margins of many leaves frayed, with small tears, perforations or slight loss, slightly affecting four measures of music; occasional staining; some leaves (indicating cuts) folded and glued down; several leaves fully or partially detached.
The stage copy for the Milan premiere at the Teatro alla Scala on December 26, 1899, conducted by Vanzo.
Götterdämmerung is the fourth opera in the Ring cycle. Excerpts were first performed in Vienna at a concert at the Musikverein on March 25, 1875; the entire work was first performed as part of the Ring cycle at Bayreuth on August 17, 1876.
"The final opera of the Ring... provides an appropriately weighty conclusion to the epic cycle. 26 years elapsed from the time Wagner made his first prose draft for the work (then called Siegfrieds Tod) to the completion of the full score, with inevitable consequences in terms of stylistic unity. Retrogressive elements of grand opera exist side by side with motivic integration representative of Wagner’s most mature style. And yet, the stylistic integrity of Götterdämmerung is scarcely compromised, so skilfully are the disparate elements welded together and so intense the dramaturgical conviction. The resources and stamina demanded by the work (from both singers and orchestra), combined with its sheer length and theatrical potency, make it one of the most daunting yet rewarding undertakings in the operatic repertory." Grove Music Online.
Vanzo conducted Wagner’s works in Italy, giving the Italian première of Die Walküre in Turin in 1891 and the Milan première of Götterdämmerung. Ferruccio Bonavia and Marco Beghelli in Grove Music Online.
A highly interesting performance copy. Item #26558
Price: $1,250.00 other currencies